Impact of Fluid circulation in old oceanic Lithosphere on the seismicity of transfOrm-type plate boundaries: neW solutions for early seismic monitoring of major European Seismogenic zones (FLOWS)


FLOWS is implemented as COST Action ES1301.



The recent occurrence of large earthquakes and discovery of deep fluid seepage calls for a revision of the postulated hydrogeological inactivity and low seismic activity of old oceanic transform-type plate boundaries. Both processes are intrinsically associated. FLOWS seeks to merge the expertise of a large number of research groups and support the development of multidisciplinary knowledge on how seep fluid (bio)geochemistry relates to seismicity. It aims to identify (bio)geochemical proxies for the detection of precursory seismic signals and to develop innovative physico-chemical sensors for deep-ocean seismogenic faults. National efforts will be coordinated through Working Groups focussing on

  • Geophysical and (bio)geochemical data acquisition
  • Modelling of structure and seismicity of faults
  • Engineering of deep-ocean physico-chemical sensors
  • Overarching themes and dissemination of results 

Main study areas are the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone and the North Anatolian Fault which have generated some of the most devastating earthquakes in Europe.